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Vilamoura, Algarve, Portugal          5 - 7 March, 2011
Keynote Speakers


Norbert Streitz, Smart Future Initiative, Germany
          Title: Smart Hybrid Cities as an Umbrella for Ambient Intelligence Research

Bernhard Rinner, Klagenfurt University, Austria
          Title: Pervasive Smart Cameras

Lech Jozwiak, Eindhoven University of Technology / Euromicro, The Netherlands
          Title: Advanced Architectures for Highly-demanding Embedded and Pervasive Applications

Anind K. Dey, Carnegie Mellon University, U.S.A.
          Title: Intelligent Systems in an Increasingly Confusing World


Keynote Lecture 1
Smart Hybrid Cities as an Umbrella for Ambient Intelligence Research
Norbert Streitz
Smart Future Initiative

Brief Bio
Norbert Streitz (Ph.D. in physics, Ph.D. in psychology) is a Senior Scientist and Strategic Advisor with more than 30 years of experience in information and communication technology. He is the founder and scientific director of the Smart Future Initiative (SFI) which was launched in January 2009. From 1987 - 2008, he was at the Fraunhofer Institute IPSI (previously GMD-IPSI) in Darmstadt, Germany, where he held different positions as Division Manager and Deputy Director. At IPSI, he initiated and managed research efforts in multiple areas (see Research Topics). A prominent example is the research division "AMBIENTE" – Smart Environments of the Future" founded by him in 1997. He also taught at the Department of Computer Science of the Technical University Darmstadt for more than 15 years. Before joining IPSI in Darmstadt, he was an Assistant Professor at the Technical University Aachen (RWTH), Germany, teaching and doing research in cognitive science and human-computer interaction and founding the ACCEPT-Group (AaChen Cognitive Ergonomics ProjecT). This was preceded by his work in theoretical physics at the University of Kiel, Germany, Furthermore, he was a post-doc research fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, a visiting scholar at Xerox PARC, USA, and at the Intelligent Systems Lab of MITI, Tsukuba Science City, Japan. He is regularly asked to present keynote speeches and tutorials at scientific as well as commercial events.

The notion of Smart Hybrid Cities is introduced and discussed as the focus and cross-section of several important developments we are facing. One point of departure is the observation that - already by the end of 2008 - half the of the world population lived in urban areas. Thus, we have entered what has been called the Urban Age, for which it is predicted that the economic prosperity and quality of life will largely depend on the abilities of cities to reach their full potential. One dimension of it is the deployment of smart infrastructures providing ambient intelligence-based support. At the same time, we will be confronted with a situation characterized by Streitz & Nixon in 2005 in the following statement: "It seems like a paradox but it will soon become reality: The rate at which computers disappear will be matched by the rate at which information technology will increasingly permeate our environment and our lives". This illustrates important new challenges for the design of human-computer and/or human-artefact interaction, when dealing with pervasive and embedded computing and communication systems.

While physical and mental disappearances play important roles, the distinction between "system-oriented, importunate smartness", implying more or less automatic behavior of smart environments, and "people-oriented, empowering smartness" is equally important. The empowering function should be in the foreground, so that "smart spaces make people smarter" by keeping "the human in the loop". In parallel, privacy issues in sensor-based smart environments have to be discussed ranging from being a legal and moral right to becoming a commodity and privilege. While most of the developments and discussions have been applied at the level of smart rooms and intelligent buildings, the future of our living and working environments has to be addressed increasingly at the level of urban environments. Digitalization of content and virtualization of social communication behavior is spreading from the realm of virtual worlds back into real environments enabling additional layers. Combining hybrid information and experience spaces with ubiquitous and pervasive computing in urban contexts constitutes what is being called 'smart hybrid cities'.

These developments require to reflect more intensively on the implications for the ambient intelligence research agenda including also a shift towards smart ecosystems in the context of what we call the "Ambicosm". At the same time, our Urban Age requires a vision reconciling humans and technology. This keynote argues that ambient intelligence applied in a human-centered approach will be a key player for designing and creating the City of the Future which will be smart and hybrid but not technology-driven and always humane.


Keynote Lecture 2
Pervasive Smart Cameras
Bernhard Rinner
Klagenfurt University

Brief Bio
Bernhard Rinner is full professor and chair of pervasive computing at Klagenfurt University (Austria) where he is currently also serving as Vice Dean of the Faculty of Technical Sciences.
He received both his PhD and MSc in Telematics from Graz University of Technology in 1996 and 1993, respectively. Before joining Klagenfurt he was with Graz University of Technology and held research positions at the Department of Computer Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin in 1995 and 1998/99. His current research interests include embedded computing, embedded video and computer vision, sensor networks and pervasive computing. He has authored and co-authored more than 120 papers for journals, conferences and workshops, has led many research projects and has served as reviewer, program committee member, program chair and editor-in-chief.
Prof. Rinner has been co-founder and general chair of the ACM/IEEE International Conference on Distributed Smart Cameras and has edited a special issue on this topic in the Proceedings of the IEEE. Together with four European universities he has jointly initiated the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate Program on Interactive and Cognitive Environments (ICE) which is currently the only joint doctoral school funded by the European Commission in the field of ICT. Prof. Rinner will co-chair the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal-Based Surveillance in 2011. He is member of the IEEE, IFIP and TIV (Telematik Ingenieurverband).

We are surrounded by millions of cameras in our everyday life. However, traditional camera networks require expensive infrastructures and are typically not able to provide user-oriented services. Smart cameras may overcome these limitations; they perform substantial image processing onboard delivering only features of the observed scene and collaborate to overcome some problems of centralized or single-camera systems. This interdisciplinary field builds upon techniques from computer vision, distributed computing, embedded computing and sensor networks. Pervasive smart cameras integrate adaptivity and autonomy and support a service-oriented network which is easy to deploy and operate, adapts to changes in the environment and provides various customized services to users.

In this talk I will introduce smart cameras and their potential for various applications such as smart environments, security, entertainment and health care. I will then focus on the fundamental challenges of performing real-time vision on distributed embedded platforms and address recent research topics. A presentation of case studies of distributed smart cameras will conclude this talk.


Keynote Lecture 3
Advanced Architectures for Highly-demanding Embedded and Pervasive Applications
Lech Jozwiak
Eindhoven University of Technology / Euromicro
The Netherlands

Brief Bio
Lech Jóźwiak is an Associate Professor, Head of the Section of Digital Circuits and Formal Design Methods in the Department of Electronic Systems of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands. His research interests include system, circuit, information and design theories and technologies, embedded and pervasive systems, SoC design, electronic design automation, (re-)configurable and high-performance computing, multi-objective circuit and system optimization, decision theory, artificial intelligence, and system analysis and validation. He is an author of more than 150 journal and conference papers, some book chapters, and multiple tutorials at international conferences and summer schools. He is especially known for his methodology of quality-driven design of electronic systems, information-driven approach to digital circuit synthesis, and theories of information relationships and measures and general decomposition of discrete relations that have a considerable practical importance. He is also a creator of a number of practical products in the fields of embedded systems and EDA tools. He is an Editor of “Microprocessors and Microsystems”, “Journal of Systems Architecture” and “International Journal of High Performance Systems Architecture”. He is a Director of EUROMICRO; co-founder and Steering Committee Chair of the EUROMICRO Symposium on Digital System Design (DSD); Advisory Committee and Organizing Committee member in the IEEE International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design (ISQED); and program committee member of many other conferences. He is an advisor and consultant to the industry, Ministry of Economy and Commission of the European Communities. He recently advised the European Commission in relation to Embedded and High-performance Computing Systems for the purpose of the Framework Program 7 preparation. In 2008 he was a recipient of the Honorary Fellow Award of the International Society of Quality Electronic Design for “Outstanding Achievements and Contributions to Quality of Electronic Design”.

The recent spectacular progress in modern nano-dimension semiconductor technologies enabled implementation of very complex multiprocessor systems on single chips (MPSoCs) and created a big stimulus towards development of MPSoCs for embedded and pervasive applications. However in parallel, it also introduced unusual silicon and system complexity and heterogeneity. Due to the progress in semiconductor technologies and processor architectures, requirements of many applications that demanded sophisticated hardware solutions in the past can be satisfied today by software implementations executed on modern programmable processors. There are however many new emerging highly demanding embedded and pervasive applications, in fields like multimedia and entertainment, communications and networking, consumer electronics, medical and other instrumentation, monitoring and control systems, advanced machinery, military, etc., for which the straightforward software solutions are not satisfactory. For these highly demanding applications increasingly complex and sophisticated MPSoCs are required to perform real-time computations to extremely tight schedules, with high demands regarding energy, power, area, and development efficiency. These complex applications typically include many various parts and algorithms involving very different computation processes. To implement those heterogeneous computation processes effectively and efficiently, the heterogeneous multi-processor system approach seems to be adequate. Moreover, the MPSoCs are often required to be highly flexible to support different product versions, reaction to market shifts, adherence to evolving standards or user requirements, adaptability to changing operation conditions, development and fabrication effort re-use, and easy modification during their development or field use. This results in serious design and development challenges. There is a general consensus that nanoelectronic technology provides more opportunities than the designers are able to exploit in the short time given for the product development. This keynote presentation focuses on mastering the design of advanced MPSoC architectures for highly-demanding embedded and pervasive applications. It presents the results of our analysis of the main problems that have to be solved and challenges to be faced in the design of such heterogeneous MPSoCs, such as: multi-objective MPSoC optimization; adequate resolution of numerous complex design tradeoffs; coherent development of computing, communication and memory sub-systems for complex MPSoCs; reduction of the design productivity gap for the increasingly complex and sophisticated systems; reduction of the time-to market and development costs without compromising the system quality; guaranteeing the high flexibility required for engineering of robust, context-aware and adaptive systems through programmability while at the same time ensuring performances close to these of hardwired solutions, etc. It shows that the opportunities created can effectively be exploited only through use of more adequate system architectures and highly integrated system IP modules, supported by new effective and efficient design methods and electronic design automation (EDA) tools for an adequate system-level design exploration, rapid development of high-quality hardware platforms, and efficient automatic mapping of applications on the platforms. It explains which system and design paradigms seem to be adequate to resolve the problems and address the challenges. It briefly discusses some of the emerging synthesis methods and EDA-tools that enable effective and efficient solution of these problems.


Keynote Lecture 4
Intelligent Systems in an Increasingly Confusing World
Anind K. Dey
Carnegie Mellon University

Brief Bio
Anind K. Dey is an Associate Professor in the Human-Computer Interaction Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. His interests lie at the intersection of human-computer interaction, machine learning and ubiquitous computing. He has spent the last decade developing techniques for building context-aware applications, and for improving the usability of such applications. Anind is the author of over 100 articles in the area of ubiquitous computing, has served as the Program Chair for several conferences on ubiquitous computing and serves on the editorial board for IEEE Pervasive Computing and the Personal and Ubiquitous Computing Journal. Before joining Carnegie Mellon University, Anind was a Senior Researcher at Intel Research Berkeley and an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of California-Berkeley. He holds a PhD and a Masters degree in Computer Science, as well as a Masters degree in Aerospace Engineering, all from Georgia Tech, and a Bachelors of Computer Engineering from Simon Fraser University.

Today's world is exciting for researchers in mobile and pervasive computing. There are billions of users carrying the devices that they need to conduct their research. Vast amounts of data from sensors and users, along with labels provided by users and crowdsourcing services make it easier than ever to build intelligent systems.
Location-based services are commonplace, yet truly smart environments still elude us. There is still a gap between the intelligent systems we can build and our visions of the smart environments that can support our everyday lives.
In this talk, I will discuss the leaps that intelligent systems have to make, the changes and problems that users will have to endure, and the exciting future ahead of us in fulfilling these visions. The vision will include better and more personalized understanding of users, more sophisticated use of machine learning, and much, much better interfaces than today's mobile devices provide us. It's an exciting time to be a pervasive computing research: we have come so far, and we have so much further to go!